Index Definition – What does it represent? – Explanation
What is an Index? – Index definition at Trading
Shares there are there since some Hundred Years. 1602 joined joined some dutch Shipowners to the first Joint stock company together and financed so necessary Investments in Maritime businesses. The Shares of the Owners were published as Share securitized. The today’s Stock indices, which from several Shares , there are there is only since 1896. Charles Henry Dow and Edward David Jones, the Editors of the Wall Street Journal, created the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The index contained at Beginning twelve Titles and should thus the most important Industries of the USA reflectSubsequently emerged worldwide a large Number other Indices.
An index forms Markets markets.
Index easy explains
An index consists from a Group of different Financial instrumentsMostly are these Shares of a specific Segment or of a specific Country. Besides Shares can Indices also Commodities, fixed-income Securities, Currencies or Funds containLikewise let can be found at with a Index certain Investment strategies through the Compilation of Securities map. For Indices are it is not at a tradable Security, but at a computational Compilation of special SecuritiesWith this we the Development of this segment continuously monitoredFrom this Reason takes place the Valuation in Points. So is the performance, starting from a Basis, comprehensible presented.
The Development and Calculation of a Index
The Index level is published regularly by the Index operator publishedMostly are Indices from a Stock exchange developed and controlledLikewise can Banks or Rating agencies a Index introduce, like for example the S&PIndices, which by the Rating company Standard & Poor’s originated.
If a Index is newly reissued, begins the Calculation as a rule with a smooth Number, for example 1.000 or 100. The further Calculation happens according to the Development of the Valueswhich in the Index contained are. About the Inclusion of Values in an Index becomes by means of defined Criteria decidedFor the DAX are this for example the Market capitalization as well as the Stock exchange turnoverIn addition the Free float greater than ten Percent be.
Meaning for Investment Products
Investors serve Indices as Indicator for the Development of certain Countries or Economic sectors. An index is indeed only a mathematical Quantity, but via Financial products can Investors exactly in the mapped Areas invest.
Examples for Financial products are:
Due to the favorable Cost structures are ETFs since Years more and more popular becomeThese form often exactly the Values of a Index according to. This enables Investors, targeted in the essential Participants of special Markets at invest, without costly to the portfolio with individual Titles yourself compile to have toIndex investments minimize the Risk of a Capital investmentas the investment is through a Variety of Titles scattered will.
For Fund managers are Indices before primarily Benchmarks. They check with it, whether their Investment strategies within certain Segments more successful are, than the comparable Index. The index is therefore the Benchmark for the Fund Manager.