The Ichimoku cloud includes five different indicators and is designed to provide insight into the development of the market.

The Ichimoku cloud may seem intimidating at first glance, making the chart resemble an abstract work of art, but it is relatively simple once you become familiar with its interpretation.

It is composed as follows:

  1. A lagging span, translated into Japanese as the Chikou span (green line in the diagram below)
  2. A conversion line, translated as a tenkan line (red line)
  3. A baseline, translated as Kijun line (white line)

And two lines that form the Ichimoku cloud, the colored space that exists between them:

4. Leading Span A, or Senkou Span A (yellow line)

5. Leading span B, or Senkou span B (royal blue line)

Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator explained

We will go through each of these lines and ranges of the trading indicator


The Chikou spread represents the price from 26 days (or periods) ago. In other words, if you take the price and move it back 26 days (in case of using the daily chart), this represents exactly what this line is.

Generally, if the trend for the last 26 days is clearly up, the result is that this line is highest on the chart due to the fact that it has been pushed back. This indicates an uptrend.

Ichimoku Uptrend Chikou Span

If the trend has been clearly downward for the past 26 days, this generally makes this line the lowest line on the chart. This indicates a downward trend.

Ichimoku Downtrend Chikou Span

Specifically, if the lagging span crosses the Conversion/Tenkan line (red line in the above images) to become the highest line on the chart, this is interpreted as a particularly bullish signal. When it crosses the conversion line to become the lowest line on the chart, this is a bearish signal.

More generally, any time the trailing range crosses a line, it is interpreted as a bullish signal (long). Every time the trailing range crosses over a line to the downside, this is interpreted as bearish.


The conversion line is calculated as:

(9-day high + 9-day low) / 2

In a strongly rising market, the conversion will usually be the second highest line below the trailing range.

The cross of the conversion line above the base line / Kijun line is interpreted as a slightly bullish signal. Conversely, a cross of the conversion line below the baseline is interpreted as a slightly bearish signal.

Ichimoku Cross of the Tenkan Line and Kijun Line

Why? Because the conversion line is based more on recent price activity relative to the baseline. Namely, it is based on 9 days of price data versus 26 days. An uptrend calculated from an average of more recent data is inherently stronger than an uptrend calculated from an average of less recent data. What happened in the recent past is statistically more relevant to the present and future than something further in the past.


The baseline is calculated as:

(26-day high + 26-day low) / 2

In trending markets in either direction, the baseline will be the midline.

Ichimoku baseline Kijun – center line in the trend

In uptrending markets, the trailing range (Chikou) will be above the conversion line (Tenkan), which is above the baseline, which is above the Ichimoku cloud (both leading range A and leading range B).

In downtrending markets, the Ichimoku cloud will be above the baseline, which is above the conversion line, which is above the lagging span.

In terms of smaller signals, a movement of the baseline above the conversion line or the lagging range is considered bearish. A movement of the baseline above the Ichimoku cloud is considered bullish.


Leading Span A is calculated as:

(conversion line + baseline) / 2

In bullish markets, the leading trading range A will be above the leading trading range B (yellow line above blue line) as shown below. Generally, it will also be behind the trailing spread, the conversion line and the baseline. However, it will be higher than the leading range B, which is an average of the 52-day high and 52-day low.

The leading trading range A will only be the highest or lowest line on the chart in markets that are consolidating or in mid-transition. In markets that are clearly trending down, it will generally be the second highest line on the chart, just below the leading range B.

Ichimoku Consolidation Phase Senkou Span A


Leading Span B is calculated as:

(52-day high + 52-day low) / 2

When the leading span B appears on the chart one can assume that there is an uptrend. Depending on the indicator settings, you can also see in a downtrend that the Leading Span B is highest on the chart.

Ichimoku upward and downward trend

In some indicators and platforms (depending on the settings), Leading Span A and Leading Span B alternate, so you can see a fast trend change. So watch which leading span has the upper hand.

If we are in a downtrend, there will be values that are high right at the beginning of this 52-day range, so the Leading Span B will have a higher value overall. For the other Ichimoku-related indicators based on 9-day and 26-day calculations, those high values will have already washed out of the data, so they will have lower values.

On the other hand, when the leading Span B is at its lowest, it generally means that we are in a strong uptrend. The values at the beginning of the 52-day range were low compared to the 26-day and 9-day values, so the leading span B has a low value overall.

The role of the Ichimoku cloud

The Ichimoku Cloud is often interpreted as an area of support and resistance in the market.

On a daily chart of silver/USD, we see three instances during the course of an uptrend where the price has fallen into the cloud and acted as support.

In other cases, the cloud can act as an area of resistance, as can be seen in the case of the chart of the following exchange-traded cocoa fund. The price was in a steep downtrend, and if the cloud was touched, a short trading opportunity could have been explored and taken in the direction of the continuing trend.

Ichimoku support through the cloud

What platforms does the Ichimoku cloud offer?

all screenshots and images on this page were taken from the MetaTrader 4/5 trading platform. This platform offers a trader universal charting with many trading indicators. You can set the tools specifically according to your preferences.

MetaTrader is free when opening an account with an online broker. For example, you can create a free demo account and you will be provided with all market data.

My conclusion about Ichimoku Cloud:

The Ichimoku Cloud is a group of five separate indicators that are used together as a (primary) trend following indicator. However, it can also be used to find reversal points in the market by steering trades in the direction of the overall trend when the cloud is touched (support and resistances).

The most bullish (long) configuration of the five indicators, in terms of positioning on the chart, goes from high to low:

  1. Trailing Range (Chikou Range)
  2. Conversion line (Tenkan line)
  3. Base line (Kijun line)
  4. Leading span A (senkou span A)
  5. Leading span B (senkou span B)

The most bearish (short) configuration would be the opposite, from the high to the low:

  1. Leading Span B (senkou Span B)
  2. Leading Span A (Vertical Span A)
  3. Baseline (Kijun line)
  4. Conversion line (Tenkan line)
  5. Post span (Chikou span)

Mild bullish signs can be extracted when they occur, such as the conversion line crossing above the base line, or the leading span A crossing above the leading span B. But they are weak trading signals.

The Ichimoku cloud can provide information about the trend or potential areas of reversal that cannot be derived from price alone. But it should not be used alone. It is often used in conjunction with other momentum-related indicators such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) to confirm readings and improve the accuracy of their signals.


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