Fixed assets definition – What counts as fixed assets?

Fixed and Current assets

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Fixed assets include all (tangible as not material) Objects of a Companywhich are used in the Endeavor acquired tothe Company permanently (that that is here concretely at least twelve Months for at least twelve months) Benefit to bring.

This Ability can be divided by into Goodswhich are depreciable are and suchwhich are not are. A wearable Good, which to the Fixed assets counted is, can for example a Machine which is at the Production over many Years used is, but sometime wears out. The Costs of the Acquisition can in the case at the Depreciation via the years in which which the Machine in Operation is, distributed areNot depreciable Goods are such as Patents or LandReal estatewhich regular Income through Renting or Leasing generate, belong as well little to the Fixed assets as the Private assets of the Founder or of a Shareholder.

Depreciable Goods such as Computers, Cameras or Furniture count to the Fixed assets.

What distinguishes Fixed assets from Current assets?

Also if not clear legally regulated iswhat to the Current assets belongs, can you can use this to a certain extent as Contrast to the Fixed assets to fixed assets These include namely all Goodswhich not to the permanent Remain in the Company acquired be, but the in the Day business sold, processed or consumed are. As a rule are this in the Case of material Goods Inventories and Goods or Partswhich are for the Manufacture of Goods needed areIntangible Goodswhich are to the Current assets belong to, are therefore such as Checks, Account balances, Securities and Cash in hand or also outstanding Receivables from Customers, to which Goods sent or for the Services provided were provided.

This two Asset types result in, if one them addedthe Total assets of the Company.

What belongs to the Fixed assets?

One can at the Listing of the things that to the Fixed assets counted are, three different Areas make out: Property, plant and equipment, intangible Goods and Financial assets.

Property, plant and equipmentLand, Machinery and industrial Plants, Vehicles, Equipment in Store and Business. Because Company car and the Equipment of the Offices to the Property, plant and equipment count, make these in small Companies often the largest Share out.
Intangible GoodsRights, Patents, Licenses and Concessions.
Financial assetsInvestments and Shares in Companieswhich to the Group of companies belong, Bonds and Securities, at which not from to be assumed can be assumed, that the Company within of a Year with it Profit generated.

What must fiscally taken into account be taken into account?

The Fixed assets belongs in the Balance sheet to the Assets (as also the Current assets) and is accordingly on the left Side listedNot depreciable Goods are listed every Year with the same Value listedDepreciable Goods like Machines or Company cars show a Depreciation which can be by Depreciation held is.

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