Equity Definition – What is Equity Trading?

Equity in trading – definition & explanation

If you are interested in Trading then there are a lot of concepts and terms that you should not only know, but more importantly, understand. One of the most basic and important terms is equity. Often the English term equity is also used here. But what exactly is this term used to describe and in which areas of trading is it relevant? The following is a summary of everything you need to know about equity.

Equity is a prerequisite for trading.

Definition: What is equity?

To keep it simple at the beginning: Equity generally refers to the total value of a trading account. So the term refers to the complete assets you have in a broker’s account. If you were to close all positions and cash out, then you would be able to secure exactly the amount of equity.

The equity on a trading account is calculated on the one hand from the margin, which is calculated from the open positions positions. In addition, the unused capital on the account is added – that is, the capital that is not currently invested. If you currently have no open positions, the equity is called “free margin” and is simply equal to your account balance.

How equity changes

Fluctuations in invested capital are subject to the basic laws of the Stock Exchange. The value of equity is determined by the price of shareswhich you hold in companies. If this shows a good performance, then your capital increases – and vice versa. Equity is therefore subject to second-by-second fluctuations when the stock exchanges are open.

In addition, the dividends. With dividend stocks, companies distribute a portion of their profits to shareholders at regular intervals. These amounts flow directly into your equity in the respective broker account. There are two different options in this process: Either your investments are based on an accumulating system, in which the Dividends are reinvested directly back into shares. Or the amounts are credited to the account balance. In both cases, the equity is increased by the respective amounts.

The parameters in equity trading

Around open positions in your trading account, several parameters are factored in to accurately determine equity. In most trading platforms, the following four parameters play an overriding role around equity.

Margin: Margin is the most important parameter around equity trading. The term is used to describe the amount of security that you, as a trader, must deposit for an open position if you want to use the trading leverage that your broker provides. By using leverage, brokers allow their traders to trade with more funds than they actually have in their account. Trading takes place on the Financial markets often takes place highly leveraged, but this always requires a margin to be deposited.
Account balancethe account balance includes all the funds in your trading account. It is only affected by open positions when you close them.
Free Margin: The free margin is constantly changing. It is counted to the account balance only when the corresponding positions are closed.
Capital:The capital corresponds to the “true” amount of the account balance – and that is when all positions are closed. Therefore, the account balance of all traders is the result of the equity and the profits and losses from open positions, which have not yet been realized.

You should be able to fully understand and distinguish these terms if you want to become active as a trader. Only in this way can you always have an overview of all positions and estimate the risk. This way you can also avoid the feared among traders Margin call can usually be prevented. This happens in most cases to those who misjudge the relationships between the various parameters.

How does equity trading work?

Trading around equity generally represents the result of profits and losses. These can result from open and closed positions. The change in equity is related to the profits and losses that were not realized. As soon as the positions are closed, profits and losses are added to your account. This results in the equity.

Equity trading is also the most important factor when dealing with leverage. It is advisable that the equity is always higher than the margin you deposit for trades. Choosing the trading equity and the right leverage is of utmost importance. This will help you avoid losses and make profits. Perhaps the most important point about equity trading is to understand that in order to achieve a balanced Risk-reward ratio (CRV) is used. In addition, the Influence of the leverage can be understood.

How Equity Trading is applied

In order to clarify the meaning and operation of equity trading, you must now master the formula used to calculate margin and free Margin can be calculated. This way you can calculate and always estimate the important values around equity.

The margin is determined with the following formula: Trade volume * price of the underlying) : Leverage

The free margin is finally calculated from the trading equity minus the margin.

Tips and tricks for equity trading

Experience is the most important factor in trading after the knowledge of all parameters and terms. However, there are also some tips for newcomers to the stock market, with which you are well positioned around the equity. For this purpose I have summarized two case studies:

As soon as there is a reversal in the market – and thus the losses decrease at the same time – the margin amount becomes higher. Trading equity will then soon overtake margin. If you are looking for a new trade, it will be defined by the gap that the two parameters build.

If the market moves against you, then it is likely that the equity will fall below the margin. This means that the open position is unlikely to be held and should be closed as soon as possible. This way you can still balance the equations, and protect the broker’s capital. The limits are set by most brokers at a certain percentage. In most cases, this so-called margin level is around ten percent. When your trading equity reaches this percentage, all positions with losses are automatically closed. Start with the position that offers the largest loss.

Conclusion: Understanding is everything

If you have fully grasped all the processes and meaning around equity trading, then this can give structure to your trading activities. It can also help you avoid the big risk. With a good understanding of equity and everything else involved, you can trade responsibly and ambitiously. You will also avoid the margin call – the worst case of all traders.

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