ECB Definition – What is behind it? – Explanation
As Investor on the Stock exchange is it already hard enough, yourself through the Thicket of Technical terms and Key figures to struggleOnce You enter the Securities market but better know and master, come already new Challenges for you coming upDecisions from Central banks hold the Investors always again and again in Breath, determine them but about Interest rates and inflation. The after, how the own Portfolio set up is, can this considerable Influence on the selected Securities haveReason enough, that me in this Article a more detailed Look at the European Central Bank – short ECB – throw and explainwhat exactly their Tasks are.
The ECB – what is that?
The European Central Bank has its Headquarters in Frankfurt am Main and is a Organ of the European Union. It is for the Monetary policy in the Euro area responsibleWhile other Central banks such as the Federal Reserve in America only for a Country responsible are, includes the Territory of the ECB all Countries that adopt the euro as official Currency have. In Cooperation with the respective National banks ensures the ECB for a secure Euro and a stable Inflation.
The Story of the ECB
The History of the ECB is closely with the Process of the european Coalescence linkedOne could therefore this Place at the Foundation of the Montanunion in the Year 1951 beginthe Development of the ECB presentAt this Place limit we ourselves however to the Essentials. But also then is a Time jump to the Year 1988 necessary. The European Council had at that time already the Goal, a so-called Economy– and Monetary Union to buildFor this was first a free Movement of goods within the European Economic Community decided. From 01 July 1990 belonged therefore lengthy Customs controls and many other bureaucratic Barriers of the Past an.
The Precursor of the European Central Bank was then finally on 01 January 1994 founded – the European Monetary Institute (EMI) was from the Baptism launchedWith it was already an important Step towards to a common european Currency done – further Points have been in the next next Years setYear of birth of the ECB is the Year 1998. You is with it as Institution very much younger than its Counterparts in America or England.
The last – and perhaps most important – Step was in the Year 1999 done. On 01 January was the euro as official Currency in eleven of the 15 Member states introducedThus was the ECB also at the same time the Patron via the european Monetary PolicySince this Birth are eight other Countries have been added.
Which Tasks has the European Central Bank?
In the Treaty to the Foundation the European Community were the Tasks of the European Central Bank precisely defined. Main task of the ECB is according to this before primarily the Implementation of the EU established Monetary policyJust the general Price stability stands here in the Foreground. The ECB tries thus before primarily, a possible Fluctuation of the Monetary value as well as a possible Inflation as possible low orstable to keepFurther can the European Central Bank Influence on the economic Development of a Country take – this should as possible balanced and “organically” as possible. A Recession should avoided be avoided. Most important Instrument of the ECB is the so-called Key interest ratewhich they for the Lending money to a National bank requires. Higher Interest rates give the Banks then also to the Customers further. A Borrowing will then unattractivewhich reduces the Money supply in the Economic cycle reduced. At lower Interest rates is it attractive, with “foreign Money” to invest. The cranks up although the Economy it is but also more Money in In circulation (“Inflation”).
The European Central Bank has but still other Tasks to to fulfill. To mention are here before especially the following:
The Organs of the ECB
The exact Structure of the ECB is quite simple to understand. It has has two Decision-making bodies: the Council and the Extended Council. The executive Bodies of the ECB are the individual National banksTogether with these forms the ECB forms the so-called “European System of Central Banks” (ECB)Important to understand is, that the respective National banks directly the ECB are subordinate and not the respective State Governments.
But how is the European Central Bank internally structured? The so-called Directorate acts as executive Body Within the ECB there is there are but other Instances:
Conclusion – Basic knowledge on the Stock Exchange
The Decisions of the ECB have Influence on Your Activity as Private investor on the Stock exchange. Per according to Investment horizon cannnen these Effects but more severe or lighter to Weight fall Put You Your Money via 20 years in in a broadly diversified Portfolio, are the Resolutions rather a Drop on the hot Stone. And nevertheless will we also in the Everyday life by the Decisions of the Central bank influencedJust the low Key interest rate of the last Years concerns before especially the thrifty Contemporaries. The Banks give the low Interest rates to their Customers more – supposedly safe Savings investments throw therefore hardly still Profits and are by the Inflation over Years and Decades always less worth. So remains for Private individuals only remains the Step to the Stock exchangein order to itself itself a good Retirement provision at create. So or way: The Knowledge about the Tasks of the ECB belongs to the Fundamentals on the Stock exchangeAlthough should You should a Decrease or Increase of the Key interest rate not panic react, however is it essentialthe Basics of our Economic cycle to understand Much Fun at the Application Of your new Knowledge.