Cash Flow Definition – What does this mean for traders?

Cash flow: definition, Explanation & Calculation


Cashflow sets is from the two Words Cash (money) and Flow (Flow) togetherClear is, that the Term Information about the Liquidity of Companies givesBut what exactly is the Meaning of cash flow and how is it determined? In the Following are the most important Information summarized.

The cash flow forms a Statement about the Earning power of a Company

Cash flow at Detail Explanation

The Cash flow describes the Surplus (or also Balance) of the Deposits and Disbursements in a previously defined Biennium. Per according to Accrual of the to to be considered Payment parameters is it differently determined. With the Determination is between different Types of cash flow distinguishedAt the operating Cash flow, the cash flow from Investing activities and cash flow from Financing activitiesOn the basis the three different Areas can the Changes of the Inventory regarding financial Funds well allocated and with the respective defined Accounting period determined are.

Still once again simplified can said can be said, that the Cash flow is the “honestFinance– and Earning power of a Company reflects and indicates, how much Money a Company a a Period actually generated has.

Distinctions of the cash flowDesignations

Operational Cash Flow:

Operating cash flow represents the Result of all cash-effective History events representevents that in the Within the scope of of a Business activity arise. In the Annual financial statement analysis of a any Company plays he a Main rolesince he a good Measuring instrument for the Internal financing potential of the respective Operation isIf the operating cash flow is a positive Value takes, then then the Company Investments make or existing Loans repay. The Term of the cash flow includes the Cash inflow surplus from the Sales– and Production activity in a PeriodIt includes not the receipts and Disbursementswhich are through Investment– and Distribution decisions or Financing decisions to Stande come.

Cash flow from Investing activities:

This value around around the cash flow forms the caused Inflows and Disbursements that are through Investments originated are. The resulting Difference shows, whether the in the Fiscal year made Investments positive or negative Returns in a Company result.

Cash flow from Financing activities:

With this Designation are all Capital flows are summarizedwhich are with the Changes in equity within of a Company dealThese include for example Share issues, Capital increases, or the Payment of Dividends and Profit shares.


Determination and Calculation of the cash flow

In the Determination of the cash flow is between a direct and a indirect Method distinguished. With the direct Method is the Difference from Deposits and Disbursements calculated and the cash flow through the Result determined.

With the indirect Method is a Adjustment of the Net income for the year (or also of the Profit) drawnNot cash Provisions and Expenses are added to addedMostly is the indirect Method by Companies preferredbecause here all relevant Data through the Accountinghow the Profit– and Income statement (also as P&L referred to as) and the Income Statement (EÜR) – already available.

Again simplified:

Cash flow according to direct Method = Cash receiptsDisbursements
Cash flow according to indirect Method = Profit + Depreciation + Accruals

Interpretation of cash flow

The cash flow is a very good Possibility for Companythe own Success and the Compliance the own Plans in the Eye to keep an eye on. You allows good Insight into the Activities of the Companies and allows Conclusions on the further Course. The Forecast value is however limited.

The cash flow can be positive and negative turn out – what him with the Corporate success connects. A positive Cash flow represents a Surplus represents. Then are the Revenues higher than the ExpendituresWith the financial Funds can then Investments made, or also Debts paid areIs the cash flow negative, then then one speaks of a Deficit. Then was no Money generated and the Expenses are higher than the RevenuesThereby can a Liquidity bottleneck in Companies quickly recognized are.

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